Classification of Polio
Paralytic polio has been traditionally classified into different types based on the body part that has been affected. The classifications flexible and can overlap one another.
• Spinal Polio attacks certain never cells in the spinal cord and causes paralysis of those muscles that control breathing and motor activities in legs and arms.
• Bulbar Polio is serious and affects the brain stem motor neurons. Bulbar polio can adversely interfere with these functions and can affect a person’s ability to swallow, speak and even breathe.
• Bulbospinal Polio is like a combination of both these types. It may cause paralysis of legs and arms as well as affect swallowing, breathing and heart function.